Thromboelastography-guided transfusion in dogs with hypocoagulable disorders: A case series

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Background: Thromboelastography (TEG) is a global whole blood hemostasis assay which includes plasma as well as cellular components of hemostasis in the analysis and follows the quality and dynamics of clot development, stabilization, and lysis. In human medicine TEG is also a valuable asset in the therapeutic setting, allowing evaluation of the effect of transfusion therapy in vitro. This case series describes the use of TEG as a guiding tool for transfusion therapy in four dogs with hypocoagulable hemostatic disorders. Case presentation: Four dogs presented with hypocoagulable disorders of hemostasis, diagnosed as rodenticide intoxication, angiostrongylosis, disseminated intravascular coagulation following severe systemic inflammation, and immune-mediated thrombocytopenia, respectively. TEG was used as a diagnostic tool as well as a guiding tool in the decision of whether or not, and in what dose, fresh frozen plasma would be of benefit in the treatment protocol for each dog. Conclusions: TEG may be applied in the therapeutic setting as a means to tailor individual patient transfusion therapy in critically ill dogs with hypocoagulable states.

TidsskriftActa Veterinaria Scandinavica
Udgave nummer1
Antal sider8
StatusUdgivet - 2019

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